Montessori Scope and Sequence: Geography

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Montessori FoundationBeginning with lessons on basic position words intended for the youngest child, and extending all the way to learning about the hydrosphere, the Geography Scope and Sequence was designed to be a comprehensive resource that provides essential information to Montessori guides for classrooms ranging in age from Toddler through Upper Elementary. As was mentioned in the introduction, this scope and sequence was not intended to be a “one-size-fits-all” checklist of all the lessons and materials that should be covered, but instead a resource to select from when planning lessons and recording student progress.

The organizational design of the Geography Scope and Sequence was created specifically to be used in Montessori Compass. Within Montessori Compass, guides have access to the entire scope and sequence for their classrooms, but can use the organizational structure and search features to efficiently find the exact content they need. It is also important to note that within Montessori Compass, schools and guides can adapt the curriculum, at any organizational level, to meet their own needs.

Geography is important both as a necessary conceptual framework and spatial orientation, and as a bridge to the development of the child's understanding and appreciation of the story of humankind and nature. As in other areas of the Montessori curriculum, the children first experience the big picture, then move gradually to the details: names of countries, rivers and mountains, and a grasp of the cultures of other lands. With these goals in mind, the sequence of the use of lessons and materials is important. All of the content for Geography is divided into sub-categories and these sub-categories and the lessons within them are listed in the order in which they would be introduced for most children in many Montessori classrooms.


Geography in Montessori Compass

The Geography Scope and Sequence is designed to help children understand our relationship to the Earth: how we meet our basic needs (shelter, food, clothing, transportation, defense, ornamentation, and self-expression) under varying geographic conditions.The sub-categories reflect that purpose in their areas of focus. In addition to parent-friendly descriptions, lessons are accompanied by defined measurable learning objectives, referred to within MC as "elements." A guide may choose to plan a lesson such as “Land and Water Globe,” or to plan for a specific element within the Land and Water Globe Lesson such as “Distinguishes between the representations of land masses and the oceans on the Land and Water Globe” The same is true for recording student progress. The guide could mark the student’s progress in the general lesson/activity, “Land and Water Globe,” or mark progress within a specific element. *It is important to note that elements, with defined measurable objectives, have been aligned to the CCSS; not the individual lessons. 


Viewing Geography Online

The Geography Scope and Sequence is displayed on the spreadsheet with the same organization as within MC. For the example given above, the lesson "Land and Water Globe" is listed adjacent to the sub-category of "The Earth." The parent-friendly descriptions and the associated elements for each lesson are included as well. Please note that when multiple elements are present, the lesson and lesson description are present multiple times. Lastly, the recommended cycle years for the lesson/activity is indicated by an 'X' in the columns on the right.  

The viewer contains controls to help you better navigate the S&S. The 4 horizontal lines = Table of Contents, Magnifying Glass = Search, and the Square on right = Full-Screen.